Layer Poultry farming

Layer Poultry Farming

Layer Poultry Farming is gaining popularity in India due to its lower production cost and increasing demand for eggs. 

Layer Poultry Farming is done commercially for 2 purposes, viz. meat (broiler farming) and eggs (layer farming). It is rearing of birds commercially for egg laying functions. Poultry layer farming

Globally China ranks highest in egg production with 24.8 billion kilograms in shell followed by United States manufacturing 5.6 billion kilograms. India ranks third in the world by manufacturing 3.8 billion kilograms in the shell. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Maharashtra, and Punjab are the leading egg manufacturing states in India within the same order. there’s an increase in egg production in India because of the expansion in human consumption and lower product prices.

Farmers categorize their poultry birds into different stages like brooding, growing, pullet and layering. Layering starts when the birds are of 20 weeks of age. Layer chickens include of special species of hens, which require to be raised from after they are of certain age. They continue to be laying eggs incessantly until their 72-78 weeks older. They will manufacture concerning one metric weight unit of eggs by consuming concerning a pair of 0.25 metric weight unit of food throughout their parturition amount. Unproductive, sick birds remove from the flock. Normally kill such birds. It is necessary to replace the old flocks in an existing poultry farm since maintaining the old flock is a costly affair. In addition, egg production must be steady to meet the market requirements.

Requirements for Layer Poultry Farming

House and Nesting space

House for birthing tries to keep on the inner side of the farm- far from the hustle-bustle and unwanted noise. Excess noise affects the egg production of the birds thus avoid an excessive amount of noise. The feeder and water tray keep it at a height admire that of the birds’ back. in addition, adjust the height of the grills. So the birds will stand well without touching the top. A nest box is provided for egg laying about every week before the laying of the 1st egg. The nest box is often three varieties betting on the number of layer birds.

The various types are:

Layer Chicken Farming

·         Individual Nest:

There’s one box for each 4-5 birds.

·         Community Nest:

This is often one nest box accommodating 40-50 birds.

·         Trap Nest:

This kind of box use is for analysis purposes since it accommodates one bird at a time.

In deep litter system, spread litter material up to 6-inch thickness.

Floor area for Poultry Layer Farming

Adequate floor area should be provided to the birds regardless of the rearing system that is being followed. Just in case of deep litter system, provide a floor area of roughly 2 sq. ft. per bird. Just in case of cage system, the ground dimensions should be 18 in. by 12 in.. This area is sufficient to accommodate 3 to 5 five birds. There ought to be covering on the skin to stop wind and rain from coming into the cage. Because of the rise in awareness regarding providing humane treatment to the birds, some farmers let the birds pay their time outdoors in pasture-like areas. In such cases, however, protect the birds against predators.

Daylight Provision

Layer birds need fourteen hours of daylight whereas their egg-laying cycle is on. Typically, because of seasonal changes, it becomes necessary to produce artificial light for an additional 2-4 hours. Providing lights not only stimulate egg production also additionally provides more time for the birds to feed. Farmers commonly use one fifty watt bulb for each one hundred birds. Typically, they install a timer to modify off and on the lights mechanically.

Egg Assortment

Frequently collect eggs from the nests. In deep litter system, 5 times collection on a daily basis and twice on a daily basis in the cage system. Farmers commonly attach an egg roll-out to the nest. This facilitates egg assortment outside the pen. Bloodstains and manure on the shell of the eggs always wash with water. The cleansed eggs should be cold immediately else they will develop microorganism contamination.

Layer Breeds

According to the nature and color of egg, layer hens are of two types. Please find a short description of these two types below.

White laying Hens: This kind of hens are relatively smaller. Comparatively, eat less food, and therefore the color of an eggshell is white. Etc. are some widespread white laying chickens.

Brown laying Hens: Brown laying hens are comparatively larger. They eat additional foods, compared to white egg layers. Lay larger eggs than different egg laying breeds. Eggshell is brown in color. Moreover, there are many sorts of a brown layer on the market. 

Feed Requirements for Layer Poultry Farming

Irrespective of the expansion stage, supply with fresh feed, and water to the layer birds. Feed continuously and hence make it available on a 24-hour basis. It is not advisable to Fill the feeder up to the brim once on a daily basis because:

  • Feed gets spoil quickly. Thus, the feed at rock bottom would get spoil and be consuming it will have an effect on the birds’ health and egg production.
  • Birds peck food while uptake so wasting an over-sized quantity of food if the feeder is full.

Ideally, farmers should fill simply adequate quantity of stick in the feeder often- once in the morning, then at twelve noon and in the evening if required. The feed should contain a minimum of 18 of protein. Additionally, any modification within the ration we should do bit by bit and not all of a sudden. There must be provision for clean water.

Disease Management for Layer Poultry Farming

Layer birds suffer from very different diseases like Newcastle disease, fowl pox, parasites, etc. that have an effect on the egg production. The foremost common symptoms are the sneeze, rattling, and uncoordinated movements, paralysis, twisting head, and neck, etc. generally, just in case of symptom, the discharge is whitish or bloody. Best option to contact veterinary surgeon immediately if you find any of the abnormal malady developing symptoms. Additionally, immunize the birds at the right time to stop developing diseases.

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